Publicat în aniversari culturale, cultura, democratie, Independence Day, Republica Moldova, Ziua Independentei

Republic of Moldova – 30 years of independence (2021)


The Independence Day (Romanian: Ziua Independenței) is the national day of Moldova commemorating the adoption of the  Declaration of Independence from the Soviet Union on 27 August 1991.

         The Supreme Soviet of Moldova held independent elections in February and March 1990. The elections resulted in Mircea Snegur being elected as speaker of the parliament, with Mircea Druc as prime minister. On 23 June 1990, the parliament adopted the Declaration of Sovereignty of the Moldovan Soviet Socialist Republic, which, mainly stipulated the supremacy of Moldovan laws over those of the Soviet Union.

         On 27 August 1991, the Parliament of the Republic of Moldova voted to adopt the Moldovan Declaration of Independence from the Soviet Union. On 21 December 1991, Moldova, along with 10 other Soviet republics, signed the act that formed the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS).

         Being a public holiday it is a free day for most of the people and employees, also most retail businesses and public institutions are closed on August 27, (Independence Day) and New Year’s Day, but remain open on all other holidays. On this day, the President of the Republic gives a public speech, and officials lay flowers at the Stephen the Great Monument.

         A concert is also organized at the Great National Assembly Square. Every 5 years a military parade is held in the center of Chisinau.

         This year we celebrate 30th anniversary of Independence Day of Republic of Moldova.

Zaborot Felicia, bibliotecar

Publicat în ACTIVITĂȚI BC, aniversari culturale, biblioteca centrala, oraș, patrimoniu cultural, politica, primari Chișinău

Carol Schmidt (25 June 1846 – 9 March 1928) – the longest serving mayor of Chisinau


Carol Schmidt born 25 June 1846, Bălți – died 9 March 1928, Chisinau) was an Imperial Russian politician in what is now Moldova. He was the longest serving mayor of Chisinau, being the mayor of the capital from 1877 by 1903, with a special contribution to the modernization of the city.

He was a Bessarabian German and is considered one of the best mayors Chisinau ever had. He was the father of Alexander Schmidt also mayor of Chisinau, between 1917-1918.

Born in Balti, in the family of Alexander Schmidt Senior, German Bessarabian surgeon at the Medical Directorate of Bessarabia. Carol Schmidt’s mother was of Polish origin. He was mentioned in the Russian documents as Карл Александрович Шмидт, transliterated Karl Alexandrovici Șmidt.

Career

In 1857-1863 he studied at the Regional Gymnasium of Chisinau, in 1863-1864 he studied at the Faculty of Physics and Mathematics of St. Vladimir University in Kiev. In 1865 he was admitted at the Faculty of Law of the University of Odessa which he graduated with the degree of doctor in legal sciences.

He becomes a candidate, then an assistant of the investigator from Bender(Tighina), then head of the investigation sector from Chisinau. Criminal investigator of the District Court of Chisinau (1870). Honorary peace judge of Chisinau District (1872-1908). Mayor of Chisinau (elected in 1877 and then, re-elected successively by 1901). In 1903, after the pogrom against the Jews, he resigned from the position of mayor.

The pogrom against the Jews in Chisinau in April 1903 was the last drop that filled the glass and caused Carol Schmidt to resign. He, who had done so much for the europeanization of the city, could not conceive that here the inhabitants can have such a wild mentality. This was the reason for his resignation. A sensitive and cultured man like him was incompatible with the Black Hundreds that dictated the political fashion of the day. Another lesson could be given to the town citizens except the resignation …„— Pantelimon V. Sinadino, „Our Chisinau” (Russian, Наш Кишинев), 1903-04.

Activity and reforms

He contributed to the construction of the chapel in the Rascani district and several houses for the people with disabilities (1877–81). With his contribution the streets were paved, an asylum was opened (1899), the popular Amphitheater with the performance space was built (1900), the bust of Pushkin was unveiled, the first tram lines were opened (1881–95), the first aqueduct was built and the city’s sewerage network, street lighting was introduced, numerous buildings were built (Royal School (1886), Princess Natalia Dadiani’s Girls’ Gymnasium (1900), County History Museum (1889), the current headquarters of the City Hall (1901), etc.).

He was a member of the Bessarabian Committee for the Protection of Orphanages, president of the Chisinau Directorate of the Young Students Aid Society, epitropist of the High School of Commerce and of the Royal School.

He initiated to open a museum of schools, of the Harmony Music Society and of the city school of Fine Arts (1894, today – the College of fine arts Alexandru Plamadeala).

The family

He was married to Maria Cristi, the daughter of the landlord Ioan V. Cristi, ruler of the Bessarabian nobility and president of the governmental Zemstvo, and of Alexandra Nelidov (the her father was Alexandru Nelidov, a Bessarabian who became as ambassador of the Russian Empire to Constantinople). Carol Schmidt and Maria Cristi had 5 children, including Alexander (1879-1937), mayor of Chișinău in 1917-1918.

Schmidt and posterity

Carol Schmidt was the only mayor to whom the citizens requested to be called in his behalf while he was still alive. It happened in 1902, when Schmidt was at 25 anniversary of being the mayor of the city. The former Gostinnaia street (Russian, Гостинная), on which Schmidt lived, became Carol Schmidt street (Russian, Шмидтовская). At present, one part of the street is called Mitropolit Varlaam street, and the other part is called Metropolitan Dosoftei. The house in which Carol Schmidt lived has survived until today and is located on Mitropolit Varlaam street no. 84 (at the intersection with Mihai Eminescu street). A memorial plaque installed on that building reminds, in Romanian and German, of the former resident.

On 10 May 2014 the bust of Carol Schmidt was inaugurated in front of the National Philharmonic in Chișinău, near the house where the former mayor of Chisinau lived. All expenses were covered by the embassy of Germany and Poland. As for the mayor’s grave, it is unknown. In 1937, a decade after Schmidt’s death, Gheorghe Bezviconi wrote in the magazine From our past that the grave of the great mayor remains shabby and only a modest wooden cross is guarding him. After years, the wood rotting, the grave can no longer be identified.

Publicat în Activitate expoziţională, ACTIVITĂȚI BC

Autorul a două faimoase romane satiră în care atacă totalitarismul la ceas aniversar. Vezi despre cine e vorba


În anul curent, la 25 iunie, scriitorul George Orwell împlineşte 115 ani de la naştere. S-a născut în 1903  George Orwell la Motihari, statul Bihar, India — d. 21 ianuarie 1950, Londra) a fost un scriitor englez, comentator al radio BBC, editorialist și reporter. El a luptat ca voluntar în Războiul Civil din Spania de partea comuniștilor. A scris romane, eseuri și critică literară.

George_Orwell_press_photo
George Orwell (pseudonimul lui Eric Arthur Blair) fotografia de pe legitimația de ziarist (1933)

George Orwell este autorul romanelor Ferma Animalelor (1945) și O mie nouă sute optzeci și patru (1949), care au devenit faimoase pentru că au atacat totalitarismul.

o mie

În context, vă invităm să citiţi romanele scriitorului George Orwell. Ţinem să vă amintim că biblioteca noastră dispune de cărţi în limba engleză, iar romanele clasicilor în original, pot fi împrumutate acasă. Inclusiv romanele scriitorului George Orwell.

 

Lecturi inspirate să aveţi!

 

Sursa primei imagini: wikipedia.org

 

Publicat în ACTIVITĂȚI BC, COLECŢII BC, lectura, LITERATURA ARTISTICA, REVISTE BIBLIOGRAFICE

George Meniuc – 100 de ani de la naștere


transcoder.pngPoet, prozator, eseist, traducător. George Meniuc s-a născut în oraşul Chişinău. începe să scrie din 1932, inspirându-se din Inşiră-te Mărgărite dr V. Alecsandri. Publică primele poezii, povestiri, articole şi traduceri (M.Saltîkov-Şcedrin, H. Heine, A. Malraux). La 18 ani scrie romanul Jugul (nepublicat). În 1937 lucrează la Viaţa Basarabiei alături de N. Costenco şi A. Robot. Se înscrie la Facultatea de litere şi filosofie a Universităţii din Bucureşti (1937-1940). Tot în această perioadă culege folclor şi-i apare prima carte de versuri Interior cosmic. Iu timpul celui de-al Doilea Război Mondial se evacuează în Uzbekistan. Revenit în Moldova, se angajează la postul naţional de radio – responsabil emisiuni literare. În aceasta perioadă scrie lucrările Cristina, Târgul moşilor, Cerbul de aur, Chiriac, La balul coţofenei cu subiecte folclorice. Din 1945 are o activitate literară prodigioasă – apar cărţi de poezii, proză, eseuri filosofice de mare importanţă literară. În 1959 este numit redactor la revista Nistru, publică volumul de eseuri Iarba fiarelor, traduce o serie de lucrări, printre care Revizorul de N. Gogol, Oameni sărmani de F. Dostoevski, Dimineaţa posomorâtă de A. Tolstoi, Călăreţul de aramă de A. Puşkin. Unele lucrări ale sale au fost traduse în limbile franceză, spaniolă, armeană, ucraineană, rusă. La editura Sovetskii pisatei din Moscova îi apare cartea Zelionîi krai. In această perioadă editurile din Chişinău îi publică culegerile: Nuvele, Mioriţa, Povestea vulpii, tălmăcirea Cântec despre oastea lui Igor, Cadran solar, Caloiuu, Delfinul. În 1970 apar Scrieri în 2 volume ce cuprind poezie, proză, eseuri, teatru etc. În 1972 i s-a decernat Premiul de Stat pentru culegerea de povestiri Delfinul. în 1988 – Premiul Uniunii Scriitorilor din Moldova şi a Comitetului de Stat pentru Edituri, Poligrafie şi Comerţul cu Cărţi pentru traducerea Cîntec despre oastea lui Igor. În 1960 i se acordă Ordinul Insigna de Onoare. În 1982 devine Scriitor al Poporului din Moldova.

Sursa textului: George Meniuc. Interior cosmic.

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